So far in the series MUMBAI 2.0 – UPGRADES IN THE INFRASTRUCTURE, we’ve highlighted the recent and upcoming infrastructural developments in roadways and railways of Mumbai. In the 3rd part, we are talking about the recent, upcoming and proposed growth on the abundant Mumbai coast.
The Mumbai Metropolitan Region which includes all of Thane, portions of Palghar and Raigad districts in addition to Greater Mumbai, covers an area of 4,355 km2 (1681.5 sq mi). Mumbai lies at the mouth of the Ulhas River on the western coast of India, in the coastal region known as the Konkan. Be it the Queen's Necklace or Juhu Beach, the shores have not only fascinated the Mumbaikars but the outside world as well. Utilizing this geographic advantage, the ports in Mumbai have often contributed significantly to its growth.
THE SEA ROUTE:
The Mumbai coastal line is not just a major contributor to the country’s trade, but also provides for leisure and entertainment activities.
Mumbai now has not one but two floating restaurants, one of which also sails while you bask in the sunset and enjoy the delicacies offered on board. They are - 1. The Mumbai Maiden Cruise. You’ll have to reach the cruising restaurant via small speed boats through the Bandra Worli Sealink jetty. The entrance to the jetty is just before the Sea Link Toll Naka (on the Bandra side). 2. AB Celestial, situated at the Bandra end of the sea link.
Adding one more feather to its cap, the journey from Mumbai to Goa is now more fun and luxurious with the launch of India’s first domestic luxury cruise liner Angriya. The cruise, operating on the Mumbai-Goa sea route since October 2018, is a luxurious 7-deck, 131-meter long passenger ship. Complete with bars, restaurants, swimming pool, spa and discotheque, the ship can accommodate about 400 passengers and goes 14 hours one way. This service is a joint venture between Mumbai Port Trust and Angriya Sea Eagle Pvt Ltd. The cruise ship Angriya has been named after first Maratha Navy Admiral (Sarkhel) Kanhoji Angre and the great Angria bank coral reef near Vijaydurg, Maharashtra.
Adding to its versatile personality, the coastline also provides access to one of the popular tourist attractions: The Elephanta Caves. To get there, you will need to go to the Gateway of India. From here you can get onboard a boat / ferry from the Maharashtra tourism development corporation (MTDC) at the entrance of Gateway. The journey by sea takes 1 hour to reach the island.
2021 will be an iconic year for the city of Mumbai. It will be the year when Mumbai will get the statue of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, which will perhaps be the tallest statue in the world, off its coastline in the waters of the Arabian Sea. The statue will be located facing Mumbai's Girgaum Chowpatty beach, 1.5 km away on a manmade island of rocks. It is expected to be accessible from the Gateway of India, and from a jetty at the National Centre for the Performing Arts at Nariman Point.
The Mumbai coastline also provides for a rather shorter and hassle free connect between Versova and Madh Island. There are two public ferry services that ply across the 150m-odd stretch of water separating Madh from Versova. The locally run larger commercial ferry can accommodate over 100 people, livestock and two-wheelers. And the other one is being run by the local fishing community. The extremely economical ferry service is used mainly by fisher folk and villagers who live in Madh Island to access Versova and the rest of Mumbai.
Source: livemint, business today, fortune India, curly tales
THE TRADE VERTICAL:
The city of Mumbai houses two of India's major ports: a) The Mumbai Port (MPT) in South Mumbai and b) the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) in Navi Mumbai.
The Mumbai Port:
Protected by the mainland of the Konkan on its east and north and by the city of Mumbai on the west, the port is spread over 400 sq.kms. The port is controlled by the Mumbai Port Trust (MbPT) which is wholly owned by the Government of India.
The port has three enclosed wet docks, namely Prince’s Dock, Victoria Dock and Indira Dock. The port also has four jetties along with 63 anchorage points.
Since its inception, the port has played a major role in the development of Mumbai as a financial capital of India. It has not only contributed towards the employment, but has contributed in the development of other sectors too. Being a hub of goods transportation, the port has been the major gateway to India, making people familiar with the outer world through trade.
The largest container port in India, the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) was established on May 26th, 1989. The port handles around 55% of the country’s containerized cargo. The port aims to handle 10 million TEUs by 2020-21 by adding two more terminals. The port has a quay length of 680 meters with three berths.
The government has approved a Rs. 2,029-crore project for widening of Mumbai harbor channel at the Jawaharlal Nehru Port in Mumbai. The project includes the existing channel to be widened to 450 metres from the current 370 meters, and the straight reach channel to be extended to 35.5 kms, from the existing 33.5 kms. The total capacity of the JNPT for container handling is 5 million TEUs (Twenty feet Equivalent Unit). After the fourth terminal becomes operational, this capacity will go up to 9.8 million TEUs.
Considering the expansion of the container vessel sizes on the main trade routes, it is anticipated that vessels of more than 8,000-12,000 TEU size will call on the Jawaharlal Nehru Port.
THE POSITIVE INFLUENCE:
Here’s a brief snapshot of how this infrastructural development will have an influence on the society: